"The Program Begins,Over 50 Programs on the Trs-80, Pc-4 Pocket computer."

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    See 56 programs GDKPB1.gif through GDKPB56.gif

    2nd page to programs 16,36,38,45,52 GDKPB16B.gif GDKPB36B.gif GDKPB38B.gif GDKPB45B.gif GDKPB52B.gif

    Front and back covers GDKPBF.gif GDKPBB.gif

    Trs-8 Pc-1, Copyright 1980 ISBN 0155666017

    Trs-80 Pc-4, Copyright 1983,1987,2006 ISBN 10:0961289007 ISBN 13:978-0-9612890-0-3 LCCN 90-111394

    Dewey Decimal call# 510.78 T793K 1987

    LC CALL NUM. QA76.8.T793 K78 1987

    QA        Science,Mathematics, Computer Science
    768        Computer software
    T793     T391-995 Exhibitions. Trade shows. World's fairs   
    K78       Authors last name
    1987      Year Published
    ISBN stands for International Standard Book Number.
    ISBN type is based on EAN-13.
    Previously, all ISBN were in EAN-10 format. EAN-13 and ISBN 13 uses the same encoding but may contain different data in the ISBN number
    (Drop the first 0 and last 4 of 0-09612890070-4 to encode for UPC-A)
  • catalog.loc.gov ISBN 0961289007
  • Program Begins in "Find in a Library"

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    The 260-3650 was discontinued in 1986. The owner's manual and

    programming information may be obtained from our order center at

    1-800-241-8742. This unit is not available in any of the formats that

    you requested.

    (260-3650) SPECIFICATIONS


    CAPACITY: 10 program areas(P0 to P9)MEMORY 26(max.222)1.5kb expand 94

    LANGUAGE: BASIC ready-mode0 shift0 BATTERY LIFE: 360 hours (approx.)

    CONSUMPTION: 0.02 watts DIMENSIONS: 3/8 x 6 1/2 x 2 3/4"

    WEIGHT: 4.1 oz. (including batteries)


    Tandy Product Support Center


  • see the pocket computer museum

    Consider buying "The Program Begins" at \\$19.95 instead of costly future downloads If you have copyrighted software under 10k,GDK would be interested in "appletting" your programs in Java and Brew.

    "The Program Begins" can be made into XML tags by using Mathml 2.0. GDK would also like to purchase rights to reprint your copyrighted software as downloads from the internet and other media.Content isn't going to be free once the world is converted to the Infohiway so let GDK market your content NOW!

    "The Program Begins" is starting a trend toward smaller screen size programs for easier line transfers,educational uses,wrist watch computers,Palm PC,Wireless and graphic free simpler gaming.

    Learn The Basic Computer language in a crash course online from GDK.

    Order Today to use "The Program Begins" 56 basic programs tomorrow.
    Use the ordering form ,"BACK" on the GDK & boughtup.com home. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The following are summaries of the information on your

    titles' catalog pages. Please check to ensure the title, ISBN/UPC, pricing

    are correct:


    ISBN: 0961289007

    Title: The Program Begins,Over 50 Programs on the Trs-80, Pc-4 Pocket


    Author: Gerald D. Krug

    Publisher: Norman Book Distribution Co

    Publication date: 11/01/1983

    Pages: 111

    Binding: library

    Description: The author,geraldkrug@hotmail.com,March 19,2000 Reviewer: The

    author, Gerald D. Krug "It helps to see a large collection of basic programs

    when learning to program computers.This collection has 56 Basic programs I

    know you will always use. You will be able to see how all complex software

    is created by these simple algorithms. Have fun" Gerald D. Krug

    Author biography: Born 1958,Chula Vista,San Diego,California. Began investing

    in computer programs in 1979 and wrote the code to 56,basic language,

    computer programs published in the book "The Program Begins".Written in an office in the Taft building on Hollywood and Vine and edited on Barham blvd. in Universal City.

    Currently developing those programs for the bio-net and convergence.

    My office was between Miles, Vera TV 1652 Vine Street & Audrey Hepburn, MP 1652 Vine Street

    Who you gonna Program?

    Check out the PC-4 the "Ghost-Buster" is wearing..............................................................................

    Review 1: see back cover of "The Program Begins"

    Review 1 source: Publisher

    Relationship to the item: Author

    Suggested Retail Price: \\$19.95

    Amazon.com will pay you \\$8.98 for each copy sold.

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  • 11 Now on the internet
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  • 55 Now on the Internet
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  • PAGE 91←↑↓
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  • 103 Now on the internet
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  • 107 Now on the internet
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  • 109 Now on the internet
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  • 111 Now on the internet
  • see programs in runbasic and run them in runbasic "Write Your Own" TAB
  • Online Basic Emulator
  • Run "High Moon" online
  • Download HIGHMOON.EXE to run offline
  • HTML Symbols

    Screen Of "Eater man" program

  • Paste any program below into the "Write Your Own" TAB

  • Another On-line BASIC interpreter.

    10 PRINT "Your aboard the Lunar Lander about to leave the spacecraft."

    20 print "To just coast without burning fuel enter .01"

    70 goto 1010

    80 goto 2010

    90 goto 3005

    100 H = H - V

    110 V = ((V + G) * 10 - U * 2) / 10

    120 F = F - U

    130 IF H > 0 THEN goto 80

    135 H = 0

    140 goto 2010

    150 print "Velocity less than 5 your a-ok! else you crashed."

    170 goto 5000

    180 GOTO 10

    1010 V = 70

    1020 F = 500

    1030 H = 1000

    1040 G = 2

    1050 goto 80

    2010 PRINT " Meter readings"

    2015 PRINT " --------------"

    2020 PRINT "Fuel (gal):"

    2030 PRINT F

    2040 goto 2100

    2045 print " "

    2050 PRINT V

    2060 PRINT "Height (m):"

    2070 PRINT H

    2075 IF H=0 then goto 150

    2080 goto 90

    2100 PRINT "Landing velocity (m/sec):"

    2110 goto 2045

    3005 IF F = 0 THEN goto 3070

    3010 PRINT "How much fuel will you use?"

    3020 INPUT U

    3025 IF U < 0 THEN goto 3090

    3030 IF U < F THEN goto 3060

    3040 PRINT "Sorry, you have not got that much fuel!"

    3050 GOTO 3010

    3060 goto 100

    3070 U = 0

    3080 goto 150

    3090 PRINT "No cheating please! Fuel must be >= 0."

    3100 GOTO 3010

    5000 PRINT "Do you want to play again? (0 = no, 1 = yes)"

    5010 INPUT Y

    5020 IF Y = 0 THEN goto 5040

    5030 goto 10

    5040 end

    Another Lunar Landing Program

    10 print "lunar landing:to just coast press enter."

    11 let x=1000

    12 let v=70

    13 let f=500

    15 let g=2.3

    16 let e=0

    45 print "go!!";

    50 print "alt.=":print x

    60 print "vel.=":print v

    70 print "fuel left=":print f

    80 if f=0 then goto 110

    90 print"burn how much fuel now":input e

    110 if e>f then e=f

    112 f=f-e

    120 if f=0 then goto 180

    121 v=(v+g)*10-e*2

    122 v=v/10

    123 x=x-v

    124 if x>5 then goto 45

    180 print "vel.=":print v

    192 print ".5=OK 1.2=bumpy 2.1=crunch"

    195 print "4.7=crash 7.7=crater"

    197 end

    Hi Moon, program a bit incomplete yet but executable, had too much BASIC to drink...

    10 LET A=0:B=0:C=0:D=0:E=0:F=0:G=0:H=0:I=0:L=0:J=24

    15 GOTO 500

    25 B=K

    35 B=(B+J)

    37 IF J>=16 THEN B=B+3

    38 IF J<=15 THEN B=B+2

    39 IF J<=8 THEN B=B+1

    40 A=B/29.52055

    42 FOR M=0 TO A

    50 NEXT M

    51 C=M-A

    52 M=0

    60 D=C/.0367647058

    62 FOR M=0 TO D

    65 NEXT M

    67 E=M-D

    72 M=0

    74 E=E-1

    80 L=(D-E)-1

    90 E=(L*52.9411)/60

    92 FOR M=0 TO E

    98 NEXT M

    100 C=M-E

    101 M=0

    104 C=C-1

    110 D=E-C

    120 IF D<=0 THEN D=(-1)*D

    122 IF D>=12 THEN PRINT "PM";

    123 IF D<12 THEN PRINT "AM";

    130 IF C<=0 then F=(-1)*C

    140 G=F/.0189736039

    152 FOR M=0 TO G

    162 NEXT M

    164 G=M

    166 M=0

    170 I=D

    180 IF I>12 THEN I=I-12

    190 IF I>12 THEN 180

    195 FOR M=1 TO I

    197 NEXT M

    198 I=M

    200 PRINT I

    201 PRINT G

    205 print "TO END INPUT 1"

    206 INPUT M

    208 IF M=1 THEN END

    210 GOTO 10

    500 M=1:N=1:P=0

    540 LET Q=0:R=0:S=0:T=0:U=0:Y=0:Z=0:K=0

    550 PRINT "MONTH"

    555 INPUT Q

    560 PRINT "DAY"

    565 INPUT R

    570 PRINT "YEAR"

    575 INPUT S

    580 T=(M*30.4375)+(N-30.4375)

    590 U=(Q*30.4375)+(R-30.4375)

    620 Y=(S-P)*365.25

    630 Z=U-T+Y

    640 K=Z

    650 M=0

    652 IF K<=0 THEN K=(-1)*K


    656 PRINT K

    660 GOTO 25

    Also run the programs free in

    TinyBasic and Chipmunk Basic


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    <b>Sorry</b><br/><br/> I couldn't work with you, sorry.<br/> I was designed to Grant Licenses from<b> GDK</b>, but I can refer you to somebody who might know more on that subject on this live Nation Wide toll free phone 1-877-619-2277. <br> <p>Want a T-Shirt that looks just like this page?<center><form action="https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr" method="post"> <input type="hidden" name="cmd" value="_s-xclick"> <input type="image" src="https://www.paypal.com/en_US/i/btn/x-click-but6.gif" border="0" name="submit" alt="Make payments with PayPal - it's fast, free and secure!"> <input type="hidden" name="encrypted" value="-----BEGIN PKCS7-----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-----END PKCS7----- "> </form></center> <br/><br/> <b>Details</b><br/><br/> You can scroll up and click on uSWITCH info. or 56 programs <b>Like</b><br/><br/> Yes I like you but if you learn about this web site I'll love you. <b>you</b><br/><br/> I am constantly building a data base to answer you. I am built by the web master Gerald Krug. <b>uSWITCH</b><br/><br/> The uSWITCH has many uses and we try and give examples here or buy NOW! <form action="https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr" method="post"> <input type="hidden" name="cmd" value="_s-xclick"> <input type="image" src="https://www.paypal.com/en_US/i/btn/x-click-but5.gif" border="0" name="submit" alt="Make payments with PayPal - it's fast, free and secure!"> <input type="hidden" name="encrypted" value="-----BEGIN PKCS7-----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-----END PKCS7----- "> </form> <b>programs</b><br/><br/> We have 56 computer programs written in BASIC computer language so it is easy to see how the program does what it does.Buy Now! <form action="https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr" method="post"> <input type="hidden" name="cmd" value="_s-xclick"> <input type="image" src="https://www.paypal.com/en_US/i/btn/x-click-but6.gif" border="0" name="submit" alt="Make payments with PayPal - it's fast, free and secure!"> <input type="hidden" name="encrypted" value="-----BEGIN PKCS7-----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-----END PKCS7----- "> </form> <b>products</b><br/><br/> We are always looking to market new products.This site tries to help you do just that for your new ideas. <b>About GDK</b><br/><br/> This is my lifes work but I haven't mentioned all my adventures. <b>Me</b><br/><br/> I know alot about everyone.We are all very much alike. <b>help</b><br/><br/> If you would like more to be added to my brain please email me gdkss@hotmail.com and tell me what to add. <b>find</b><br/><br/> You can find most information by using proper keywords in search engines. <b>END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT</b><br/><br/> "Program Begins" License Agreement END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT FOR Gerald Daniel Krug --Product = "The Program Begins" IMPORTANT-READ CAREFULLY: This Gerald Daniel Krug License Agreement ("GDKLA") is a legal agreement between you (either an individual or a single entity) and Gerald Daniel Krug Co. for the Gerald Daniel Krug product identified above, which includes computer programs in the "Program Begins" and associated media and printed materials, and may include "online" or electronic documentation ("Program Begins" PRODUCT or "Program Begins"). By installing, copying, or otherwise using the "Program Begins" PRODUCT, you agree to be bound by the terms of this GDKLA. If you do not agree to the terms of this GDKLA, promptly return the unused "Program Begins" PRODUCT to the place from which you obtained it for a full refund. "Program Begins" PRODUCT LICENSE The "Program Begins" PRODUCT is protected by copyright laws and international copyright treaties, as well as other intellectual property laws and treaties. The "Program Begins" PRODUCT is licensed, not sold. 1. GRANT OF LICENSE This GDKLA grants you the following rights: The following section, Programs in "Program Begins" applies to all versions of the "Program Begins" PRODUCT unless the "Program Begins" PRODUCT specifies a Multi-user version. Programs in "Program Begins" - You may install and use one copy of the "Program Begins" PRODUCT on a single computer at a time and only by one user at a time. Programs in "Program Begins" (Multi-user) - You may install and use copies of the "Program Begins" PRODUCT, up to, but not to exceed, the number of licenses shown on your purchase record ("primary copy"). Each primary user of the "Program Begins" PRODUCT specified above, may also install and use an additional copy of the "Program Begins" PRODUCT on a portable device or home computer ( not both ), providing this copy is not used concurrently with the primary copy. Network Storage/Use - You may also store or install a copy of the "Program Begins" PRODUCT on a storage device, such as a network server, used only to install or run the "Program Begins" PRODUCT on your other computers over an internal network; however, you must acquire and dedicate a license for each separate computer on which the "Program Begins" PRODUCT is installed or run from the storage device. Concurrent Use - A license for the "Program Begins" PRODUCT may not be used concurrently on different computers. 2. DESCRIPTION OF OTHER RIGHTS AND LIMITATIONS. Limitations on Reverse Engineering, Decompilation, and Disassembly - You may not reverse engineer, decompile, or disassemble the "Program Begins" PRODUCT. Separation of Components - The "Program Begins" PRODUCT is licensed as a single product. Its component parts may not be separated for use on more than one computer. Rental - You may not rent or lease the "Program Begins" PRODUCT. "Program Begins" Transfer - You may not permanently transfer all of your rights under this GDKLA without the prior written consent of Gerald Daniel Krug Co. Termination - Without prejudice to any other rights, Gerald Daniel Krug Co. may terminate this GDKLA if you fail to comply with the terms and conditions of this GDKLA. In such event, you must destroy all copies of the "Program Begins" PRODUCT and all of its component parts. Development License Restrictions - These restrictions apply to a licensee who develops Application "Program Begins" that utilizes "Program Begins" PRODUCT in a commercially distributed application. (i) Must purchase a license of "Program Begins" PRODUCT for each copy of the Application "Program Begins" sold; (ii) "Program Begins" PRODUCT is not the sole or primary component of such Application "Program Begins"; (iii) You must give proper acknowledgment of the copyright of Gerald Daniel Krug Co. (iv) Must not be used to create a "Program Begins" application that competes with or is intended to compete with, directly or indirectly, the "Program Begins" PRODUCT; (v) The Application "Program Begins" must add significant value to the "Program Begins" PRODUCT All other uses that fall outside the scope of the GDKLA must receive the prior written permission of Gerald Daniel Krug Co. 3. UPGRADES If the "Program Begins" PRODUCT is an upgrade from another product, whether from Gerald Daniel Krug Co. or another supplier, you may use or transfer the "Program Begins" PRODUCT only in conjunction with that upgraded product, unless you destroy the upgraded product. If the "Program Begins" PRODUCT is an upgrade of a Gerald Daniel Krug Co. product, you now may use that upgraded product only in accordance with this GDKLA. If the "Program Begins" PRODUCT is an upgrade of a component of a package of "Program Begins" programs that you licensed as a single product, the "Program Begins" PRODUCT may be used and transferred only as part of that single product package and may not be separated for use on more than one computer. 4. COPYRIGHT All title and copyrights in and to the "Program Begins" PRODUCT (including but not limited to any images, photographs, animations, video, audio, music, text, and "applets," incorporated into the "Program Begins" PRODUCT), the accompanying printed materials, and any copies of the "Program Begins" PRODUCT, are owned by Gerald Daniel Krug Co. or its suppliers. The "Program Begins" PRODUCT is protected by copyright laws and international treaty provisions. Therefore, you must treat the "Program Begins" PRODUCT like any other copyrighted material except that you may either (a) make one copy of the "Program Begins" PRODUCT solely for backup or archival purposes, or (b) install the "Program Begins" PRODUCT on a single computer provided you keep the original solely for backup or archival purposes. You may not copy the printed materials accompanying the "Program Begins" PRODUCT. Copyrights and trademarks may not be used on online auction sites without the express prior written permission of Gerald Daniel Krug Co. 5. INJUNCTIVE RELIEF The parties agree that if you utilize or otherwise uses any of the "Program Begins" Product in an unauthorized manner, or breach the remaining terms and conditions of this GDKLA, that such use or breach would have a devastating and serious impact on Gerald Daniel Krug Co.'s continuing ability to compete profitably and would, therefore, result in immediate and irreparable injury, loss or damage to Gerald Daniel Krug Co. The parties agree that in such event, in addition to Gerald Daniel Krug Co.'s right to recover damages for a breach of this GDKLA, Gerald Daniel Krug Co. would be entitled to obtain a temporary restraining order or a preliminary injunction from a court of competent jurisdiction to prevent the You, your employees, agents, consultants, or independent contractors from engaging in any further use of the "Program Begins" Product or the continued breach of the remaining terms and conditions of this GDKLA. 6. DUAL-MEDIA "Program Begins" You may receive the "Program Begins" PRODUCT in more than one medium. Regardless of the type or size of medium you receive, you may use only one medium that is appropriate for your single computer. You may not use or install the other medium on another computer. You may not loan, rent, lease, or otherwise transfer the other medium to another user. 7. U.S. GOVERNMENT RESTRICTED RIGHTS The "Program Begins" PRODUCT and documentation are provided with RESTRICTED RIGHTS. Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set forth in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer "Program Begins" clause at DFARS 252.227-7013 or subparagraphs (c)(1) and (2) of the Commercial Computer "Program Begins"-Restricted Rights at 48 CFR 52.227-19, as applicable. Manufacturer is: Gerald Daniel Krug Co. USA 8. MISCELLANEOUS This GDKLA is governed by the laws of the State of California, and the parties to this Agreement waive personal service of any and all process upon them and consent that all such service of process be made by registered mail and shall be deemed to be completed five (5) business days after the same shall have been deposited in the United States mail, postage prepaid. 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    GDK Co. brand of products, Copyright 1/27/2007 Mfg.#(208679)

    Category > Business and Economy > Shopping and Services > Computers > Software

  • European Software Patent Laws in the works
    Source;The National Commission on New Technological Uses of Copyrighted Works (CONTU) 
    was established by Congress, and operated between 1975 and 1978 to determine 
    how the Copyright Act of 1976 should address computers and copy machines. 
    On July 31, 1978, it issued its Final Report, which is frequently cited, but 
    not readily available.
    Chapter 3  Computers and Copyright
    Recommendations for Statutory Change,continued...
    Because of a lack of complete standardization among programming languages and 
    hardware in the computer industry, one who rightfully acquires a copy of a 
    program frequently cannot use it without adapting it to that limited extent 
    which will allow its use in the possessor뭩 computer. The copyright law, which 
    grants to copyright proprietors the exclusive right to prepare translations, 
    transformations, and adaptations of their work, should no more prevent such 
    use than it should prevent rightful possessors from loading programs into 
    their computers.51 Thus, a right to make those changes necessary to enable the 
    use for which it was both sold and purchased should be provided. The conversion 
    of a program from one higher-level language to another to facilitate use would 
    fall within this right, as would the right to add features to the program that 
    were not present at the time of rightful acquisition. These rights would 
    necessarily be more private in nature than the right to load a program by 
    copying it and could only be exercised so long as they did not harm the 
    interests of the copyright proprietor. Unlike the exact copies authorized as 
    described above, this right of adaptation could not be conveyed to others 
    along with the licensed or owned program without the express authorization of 
    the owner of the copyright in the original work. Preparation of adaptations 
    could not, of course, deprive the original proprietor of copyright in the 
    underlying work.52 The adaptor could not vend the adapted program, under the 
    proposed revision of the new law,53 nor could it be sold as the original 
    without the author뭩 permission.54 Again, it is likely that many transactions 
    involving copies of programs are entered into with full awareness that users 
    will modify their copies to suit their own needs, and this should be reflected 
    in the law. The comparison of this practice to extensive marginal note-taking 
    in a book is appropriate: note-taking is arguably the creation of a derivative 
    work, but unless the note-taker tries to copy and vend that work, the copyright 
    owner is unlikely to be very concerned. Should proprietors feel strongly that 
    {Page 14} they do not want rightful possessors of copies of their programs to 
    prepare such adaptations, they could, of course, make such desires a 
    contractual matter.
    ((And to think the critics said that my programs were too simple.
    "Keep it most simple all you programmers, then sell licenses to the developers."))
    ((There are Legal and Illegal monopolies))
    Some in the U.K. argue that my programs are "Obvious", but they weren't at the time I wrote them and got copyrights.
    software patents
         Forums > Speakers' corner
     Search forum: 
    Start new subject | Reply to this subject
     Thu, 19/01/06@07:06
    I am an intellectual property, IP, owner. I have copyrighted 56 computer 
    programs. I can sue anyone who re-produces my work for commercial gain that 
    didn't get a license from me for my permission. The reason why I haven't sued 
    un-licensed companies is because I didn't want to stifle the computer 
    revolution. I think copyrights (not patents) are the tool to use for computer 
    programs. Patents are granted to stimulate the market place and if the patent 
    owner does not market a product based on the patent he loses his right to the 
    patent to a company that will produce a real product. This rule was brought by 
    president Ronald Regan so patent owners could not just "sit" on patents
    and then sue if some company brought out a product based on "their" patent.
    Two companies did bring a similar patented product to the market at about the 
    same time and the courts choose one company to market first, until one million 
    products were sold, then the other company could enter the market legally. 
    It's easier to get investor money for patents than for copyrights, sadly, so 
    I see a need to change that so smaller companies with truly new computer 
    programs will get to market on a national scale.
    I believe if I enter the fray on this issue I could bring alot of clarity.
    I also believe that computers have matured to the point that truly new 
    marketable products will become more and more rair so why bother with the 
    software patent issue at all.
     Thu, 19/01/06@09:13
    "Patents are granted to stimulate the market place and if the patent owner does not market a product based on the patent he loses his right to the patent to a company that will produce a real product. This rule was brought by president Ronald Regan so patent owners could not just "sit" on patents
    and then sue if some company brought out a product based on "their" patent."
    Could you direct me to the official citation of this rule please?
     Thu, 19/01/06@13:49
    *I have copyrighted 56 computer programs.*
    As an actual copyright owner, what's your personal view on how long such copyrights should hold good for?
     Thu, 19/01/06@14:26
    Is it ethically correct?
    After all, programs are grooves on a piece of plastic or numbers on a hard drive, anyone can reproduce them. As an amateur software designer, All my software is freeware. I believe that software should be free for all, it is a tool, no one copyrighted a hammer, after all!
     SG Atlantis
     Thu, 19/01/06@16:00
    "After all, programs are grooves on a piece of plastic or numbers on a hard drive, anyone can reproduce them."
    If you look at everything that way, then art is just canvas and paint swirled around on it, music is just sounds arranged a particular way. Doesn't mean anyone can just copy it, legally!
    "no one copyrighted a hammer, after all!"
    no one gives them away for free either...
     Thu, 19/01/06@16:20
    Before this moves into a free for all, I genuinely would like to know the answer to my question above.
     wee eddie
     Thu, 19/01/06@16:24
    "I also believe that computers have matured to the point that truly new marketable products will become more and more rare so why bother with the software patent issue at all."
    I can remember someone in the late 60's saying that all the possible songs possible had already been written and that pop music would stultify and die. Fat chance, but they hadn't heard the Gallagher Brothers.
    Computers are unlikely to cease, their format will change, radically. The writing is already on the wall for the standard box PC, although what will form follow it is not yet certain.
     Thu, 19/01/06@16:49
    so why bother with the software patent issue at al
    and certain types of licenses aswell.
     Thu, 19/01/06@16:57
    As you state you are an amateur software designer, so presumably you make your living from something else?
    I am a professional software designer and writer, and I make my living through people paying for the programs I spend eight hours a day writing, and I am extremely protective of my software, which is all copyrighted.
    I do however disagree with patents on software and processes!, but agree with geraldkrug copyright should be enforced rigidly.
     Thu, 19/01/06@20:18
    Patents, use em or lose em...
    I searched yahoo with "President Ronald Reagan Memorandum on Government Patent Policy"
    click here
    뱈arch-in rights This is a very obscure rule to be sure.I remember the place I found this.Let 
    me find it again for you.Oh!Here it is.
    The third taxpayer protection included in Bayh-Dole is the government뭩 retained 뱈arch-in 
    rights. These provisions entitle a funding agency to issue nonexclusive licenses or to require 
    a contractee or exclusive licensee to grant nonexclusive licenses to other applicants if the 
    agency determines that:
    (1) Such action is necessary because the contractor or assignee has not taken, or is not 
    expected to take within a reasonable time, effective steps to achieve practical application of 
    the subject invention in such field of use;
    (2) Such action is necessary to alleviate health or safety needs which are not reasonably 
    satisfied by the contractor, assignee or their licensees;
    (3) Such action is necessary to meet requirements for public use specified by Federal 
    regulations and such requirements are not reasonably satisfied by the contractor, assignee or 
    licensees; or
    (4) Such action is necessary because the agreement required by paragraph (i) of this clause 
    has not been obtained or waived or because a licensee of the exclusive right to use or sell any 
    subject invention in the United States is in breach of such agreement. 37 C.F.R.  401.14(j) 
    (emphasis added).
    The term practical application is defined as: 
    뱓o manufacture in the case of a composition or product, to practice in the case of a process or 
    method, or to operate in the case of a machine or system; and, in each case, under such 
    conditions as to establish that the invention is being utilized and that its benefits are, to the 
    extent permitted by law or government regulations, available to the public on reasonable 
    terms. 37 C.F.R.  401.14(a)(3) (emphasis added).
    The march-in rights were intended to prevent two outcomes: First, where a private entity sits 
    on a taxpayer-funded invention and fails to commercialize it in a timely fashion; and, second, 
    where a private entity takes advantage of the exclusive license and charges an unreasonable 
    price for the product. Although no specific formula was put forward to calculate what 
    constitutes an unreasonable price and profit, it is fair to say that the march-in provisions were 
    intended to protect against corporate windfalls. Of course, the Act certainly contemplated 
    some return on investment, for such a return is necessary to induce commercialization.
     Thu, 19/01/06@20:43
    bar set way too high
    For example,I want to produce a smart wristwatch
    to do a fun calculation for the wearer/user.
    It is impossible to get an LCD maker to produce this for my company to my liking.The technology exists, but not for me, WHY?
    Corporate Facism?
    뱈arch-in rights makes severe penalties to any companys that do not sell (patented) goods to buyers.
     Thu, 19/01/06@22:18
    Thanks for that - looks very interesting but I will have to leave it until tomorrow (late for me now - up early in the morning).
     Thu, 19/01/06@22:30
    By email - from geraldkrug
    *Well lets see, it's authors life plus 17 years, I think. If you haven't made your money/contribution to society by then it may be worthless to any one to own.What do you think?* 
    With respect, I didn't ask what it was - I asked your opinion as a software copyright holder, of what it should be.
     Forum Editor
     Thu, 19/01/06@22:43
    I'm not sure where you think you're going
    with this. I'm an intellectual property rights/copyright holder, too, as are many other forum members, and I certainly don't have any problem with the copyright law as it exists - at least as it exists here, in the UK.
    American copyright legislation went slightly off the rails in my opinion when the law was changed, effectively to accomodate the Disney corporation. 
    Complaining that "Corporate Facism" might be why you can't get an LCD maker to produce your product is a paranoid touch isn't it? Perhaps the reason is that your product isn't of sufficient interest to these companies. If you're convinced that your licence is being wrongly or deliberately witheld you can ask the appropriate Federal Agency to intervene - it has the power under the march in rights clause to grant the licence iself if it's convinced your claim is valid.
     wee eddie
     Fri, 20/01/06@00:21
    Have you thought that the Companies you asked might not feel that it is worth their while. e.g there's not enough profit in it for their Shareholders.
    There may be a dozen other reasons why they do not wish to do business with you. That's their prerogative.
    If the product is so good. Why don't you make it yourself?
     Fri, 20/01/06@18:37
    opensource is the way forward in my opinion. It allows the most inovation and compertition between people. Money is made not on the product but the support for the product and boxed copys. This is how novell work with suse linux and others like mandriva and it seems to be working for them.
     Sat, 21/01/06@09:26
    A word to SG Atlantis
    "If you look at everything that way, then art is just canvas and paint swirled around on it, music is just sounds arranged a particular way. Doesn't mean anyone can just copy it, legally!"
    Could I ask you not to compare computers to art? Art and music are expressions for human emotion and belief whereas Software is a tool.
    Finally, I ask you why do programmers get paid everytime their software is sold? A doctor is generally paid less, and he doesn't get paid after every patient he saves (in the UK).
     Forum Editor
     Sat, 21/01/06@16:56
    "why do programmers get paid
    every time their software is sold?"
    Because it's their creation, in just the same way that an original oil-painting is a creation - they're both original works, and both protected by copyright. Buy a copy of either and included in the price will be a copyright licence fee.
    Doctors are practitioners - they create no 'original work' and there's no earthly reason why they should be paid a copyright fee for doing their job, any more than I should, or any more than an ambulance driver should. To suggest otherwise is fatuous.
     Sun, 22/01/06@04:13
    thank you all
    I admit "Corporate Facism" is a bit much,Sorry.
    I think if a copyright is still "valuable" the life should be extended till it's not then it goes freely to the public domain.
    I know a company might not want to "buy" my watch idea but I have also wanted it made for me and I get no co-operation from LCD makers...
    I want to be a "nice" company and I really don't want to sue anyone but if I soon have to patent my programs then what????
    Thanks for your ideas everyone, checks in the mail.
     Forum Editor
     Sun, 22/01/06@10:46
    I'll be in New York very soon
    for a few day's work - you can send mine to my hotel.
     Sun, 22/01/06@13:56
    I have copyrighted
    You can't have "copyrighted" anything: copyright protection is automatic. The copyright holder need do nothing; copyright exists from the moment that a recorded form of an original work is created.
    It is sensible to take further steps to protect your copyright and one of those steps is indeed to register your work with a body such as The UK Copyright Service; but you do not have to apply for protection the way you do for, say, a patent or trademark.
     Sun, 22/01/06@17:47
    added noise
    copyrights must be in a "fixed" form to automatically qualify as copyrighted.
    By "fixed" I think it is meant, publishable, is that a word? 
    My-self I went the whole ten yards, Library of Congress.
    Hotel in N.Y. WOW! that is really gonna cost me.
     Forum Editor
     Sun, 22/01/06@19:29
    An original work
    must indeed be in a fixed form before copyright applies. That is to say it must be written down, or painted, or sculpted, or take the form of an image (digital or otherwise). Copyright applies to 'works' and not concepts - you can't copyright an idea. 
    Patents apply to things like industrial processes or methodologies - if you invent a new way of joining metal sheets together to form aircraft wings you may be able to patent the process. Patents are about functional and technical aspects of products and processes. Most patents are granted in respect of improvements in known technology - evolution rather than revolution. When granted a patent you are effectively granted a monopoly allowing you the right for a limited period to stop others from making, using or selling your invention without your consent.
     Sun, 22/01/06@22:21
    must be in a "fixed" form
    ... which is why I wrote "copyright exists from the moment that a recorded form of an original work is created."
    LoC is a bit extreme. You could just have deposited with the one (or all) of the UK libraries of legal deposit (aka "the copyright libraries". We are the ones that the lawyers come to in dispute cases.
     Sun, 22/01/06@22:31
    Unless of course you are in the USA!
     Mon, 23/01/06@09:25
    If only software patents were around in the early 60's when software and programming languages was starting to take shape, I wonder if I could have got a patent for the IF test?
    A method by which branching is performed based on a logical comparison of two separate parts.
    I'm sure by now I would either be extremely rich, or there would not be much software around. :)
     Mon, 23/01/06@10:49
    For anyone interested in the "March-in Rights", this applies to 37CFR 401.14 Standard Patent Rights Clause"
    Patent Rights (Small Business Firms and Nonprofit Organizations)"
    The whole of 37CFR 401.14 can be found click here
    Taken as a whole, there is a somewhat different emphasis in 37CFR 401.14 than there appears to be in the small section quoted.
     Mon, 23/01/06@18:40
    interesting fact?
    On my continued research on software patents it seems that to say a software is a process (something that effects the forces of nature) has been hard to prove but a German court said someting recently that seems right to me.
    They said that a computer program "software" takes a certain amount of electricity to complete it's task so is in fact an industrial process.
    What do you all think? I think it also should be a "constantly used" software to qualify as a patentable product.
     Mon, 23/01/06@21:59
    I can see an argument but I don't agree with that particular criterion as a deciding factor: it is far too simplistic.
    Both TV and films need electricity to complete their tasks. Without the electricity the medium of both is dead in the water but I would consider both to be art forms rather than industrial processes (though the actual mechanism of bringing the art form to a state where it can be viewed is an industrial process).
     Tue, 24/01/06@20:05
    What if software is made patentable as a logic process patent?
    Do we all go rushing to the corner patent lawyer
    and spend 10,000+ and then must quickly produce a flowchart and production product or lose the patent rights?
    Do copyright holders have "first come, first serve" priority to patent their software?
    Patents give companies legal monopolies but will we have more illegal monopoly practices that gouge the public wallet and ignore small business?
    Do we need a new way to deal with IP world wide?
     Tue, 24/01/06@22:29
    IMHO legal monopolies for copyright and patents are fine - as long as they don't last too long, and as long as DRM is freed up somewhat.
    Not too long - 10 years perhaps?
    That gives plenty of time to exploit the novelty of any creative work, and create something anew. I don't think IP rights holders should have a monopoly income on their creation for ever - any more than the rest of us should get paid for ever if we perform a job of work.
     wee eddie
     Wed, 25/01/06@00:44
    DieSse - Part of the problem is Drug development
    It can take from 8 to 15 years to get a new drug from conception to market. All that has to be paid for out of the next 10 to 15 years profits.
    If the Drug Companies do not get a sufficient period of protection, they will not bother to go through the rigorous testing procedures that we require for our safety.
     Wed, 25/01/06@01:04
    No probs - patents might be longer. My comments were really aimed at copyrights - I should have made that clear.
    As comments
    *they will not bother to go through the rigorous testing procedures that we require for our safety.* - they have no choice on this.
    I think you'll find companies R&D is paid from current income, not future profits.
     Forum Editor
     Wed, 25/01/06@08:36
    10 year copyrights?
    Authors commonly spend two or three years researching and writing a book, and if copyright was subsequently limited to ten years many of them wouldn't bother - the potential reward might not be worth the time and effort. The same thing applies to films. You have to be realistic about this, and understand that creative people don't all have lives of unparalleled luxury, legions of them spend their working lives making very little money, and they rely on a drip-feed of copyright fees to keep them going. I know several people in this situation. We hear about the tiny number that have massive success, and become wealthy quite rapidly, but no sensible person would dream of limiting copyright terms for the many, based on the success of a few.
    Much the same thing applies to patent rights, and again there are many inventors who struggle to make a living, hoping for that one successful patent that will pay back for all the non-starters. Medical research, as highlighted by wee eddie, is a very good example of this. Modern drug research programs can go on for years and years - often for more than a decade - and the drug companies rely on a fair patent right on successful products in order to fund more research. Shorten the term and you would find that many projects simply wouldn't happen. As wee eddie rightly says, the companies just wouldn't bother, they would stick to the racing certainties, to the ultimate detriment of us all.
     Wed, 25/01/06@18:32
    job creation
    Remember when a product goes to market it is creating lots of side bar jobs so when you think of a person getting paid forever on just one "Work" remember this kind of "Work" is one that causes a Giant undertaking to accomplish and needs to pay alot of workers.
     Tue, 02/01/07@18:32
    Bill Gates and Co. announced to the world that they owned the "operating system" to computers
    But they never said they owned all programs.It seemed all the programmers at that time got confused
    by the announcement and stopped protecting their programs by copyright,Except Me of course...
    As far as my computer programs passing the non-obviousness test to be patentable, the question is, 
    how successful is the invention? Is it copied widely? The answer is, yes.
    In other words...  A computer program is a combination of known elements that adds the highest speed of calculation, and presentation, 
    to the total stock of analog knowledge, so should be patentable.
    Graham factors
    The factors a court will look at when determining obviousness and non-obviousness in the United States 
    were outlined by the Supreme Court in Graham et al. v. John Deere Co. of Kansas City et al., 383 U.S. 1 (1966) 
    and are commonly referred to as the "Graham factors". The court held that obviousness should be determined by looking at
    the scope and content of the prior art; 
    the level of ordinary skill in the art; 
    the differences between the claimed invention and the prior art; and 
    objective evidence of nonobviousness. 
    In addition, the court outlined examples of factors that show "objective evidence of nonobviousness". They are:
    commercial success; 
    long-felt but unsolved needs; and 
    failure of others. 
    Other courts have considered additional factors as well. 
    See Environmental Designs, Ltd. v. Union Oil Co. of Cal., 713 F.2d 693, 697-98, 218 USPQ 865, 869 (Fed. Cir. 1983) 
    (considering skepticism or disbelief before the invention as an indicator of nonobviousness); 
    Allen Archery, Inc. v. Browning Mfg. Co., 819 F.2d 1087, 1092, 2 USPQ2d 1490, 1493 (Fed. Cir. 1987) 
    (considering copying, praise, unexpected results, and industry acceptance as indicators of nonobviousness); 
    Diversitech Corp. v. Century Steps, Inc., 850 F.2d 675, 679, 7 USPQ2d 1315, 1319 (Fed. Cir. 1988) 
    (considering copying as an indicator of nonobviousness).
    Recent reforms 
    Last month, President Obama signed the America Invents Act, which introduces changes to the U.S. patent systems. It뭩 widely regarded as the 
    most significant revision to the patent system since the dawn of the computer age.
    Among the changes implemented by the America Invents Act are a conversion from a 밼irst to invent system to a 밼irst to file system 
    beginning in early 2013: That is, the person who first comes up with a patentable process isn뭪 necessarily eligible for patent protection 
    unless they are also the first to file for a patent on the method. (There is a grace period and infringement defense for other inventors who 
    use a method commercially prior to a filing.) The change brings the U.S. system into line with other patent systems around the world. 
    The practice will eliminate so-called 밿nterference proceedings that sometimes had to be held to determine which of multiple applicants 
    actually first came up with a particular process. As of 2013, those will all be resolved by filing dates alone. The first-to-file method has 
    been criticized as favoring large companies that can afford to file swathes of patent applications; the grace period is primarily designed 
    to protect smaller companies and individuals. The act also includes patent fee reductions for 뱈icro-entities like individual inventors 
    and startups, designed to lower barriers of entry into the patent process.
    However, the America Invents Act does little to settle questions surround the validity and granting of software patents, and while it does 
    redefine the nature of 뱎rior art surrounding the validity of a patent application, it does little to nothing to change other shortcomings 
    of the U.S. patent system. Patent battles in the technology world will still likely outlast the technology itself. Non-practicing entities 
    will still build businesses solely around collecting, licensing, and suing over patents. And patents will still be stacked up and swapped as 
    chits in ever-more-complex chess games as companies try to strengthen their positions in negotiations and courtroom fights.
  • Perl module install for win xp

    Google data_feed.txt for Google Merchant account item insertion... sheet 1


    id [1]title [2]description [3]condition [4]price [5]availability [6]link [7]image link [8]gtin [9]mpn [10]brand [11]google product category [12]gender [13]age group [14]size [15]color [16]material [17]pattern [18]item group id [19]tax [20]shipping [21]shipping weight [22]sale price [23]sale price effective date [24]additional image link [25]product type [26]


    704Program Begins, TheOver 50 programs on the TRS-80 PC-4 pocket computerNew25.95 USDIn Stockhttp://pb.geraldkrug.comhttp://pbf.geraldkrug.com96128900704900704gerald daniel krugMedia > BooksunisexUS:CA:9:nUS:CA:UPSGROUND:4.0019.95 USDhttp://pbf.geraldkrug.com Book

    [1] Identifies each item. - Must be unique to an item across the account. - Item must maintain the same ID over time.
    [2] Item name that may display on Google Product Search.
    [3] Item뭩 description. No promotional text allowed, including shipping information.
    [4] Item condition. Accepted values: - New - Refurbished - Used
    [5] Item뭩 base price, along with the corresponding currency code.
    [6] Accepted values: - 'in stock': Item ships within 3 business days. - 'available for order': Usually available, but ships in 4 days. - 'out of stock': Not accepting orders. - 'preorder': Taking orders, but the item hasn't been released.
    [7] Item뭩 landing page from Google Product Search. Must reside within the claimed website domain and be reviewable by Google crawlers.
    [8] Item picture link that뭩 crawlable by Google. Logo images are invalid.
    [9] Product뭩 Global Trade Item Numbers (GTINs). Accepted values: - UPC (in North America), - EAN (in Europe), - JAN (in Japan), or - ISBN (for books).
    [10] Product code that identifies the manufacturer. The combination of brand name and MPN clearly specifies one product.
    [11] Item뭩 brand name.
    [12] The item category per Google's taxonomy: http://support.google.com/merchants/bin/answer.py?answer=160081
    [13] Accepted values: - Male - Female - Unisex
    [14] Accepted values: - Kids - Adult
    [15] Item size.
    [16] Item color.
    [17] Primary material used in item.
    [18] Item pattern, such as solid, stripes, or any other value.
    [19] For an item with multiple colors, sizes, materials, or patterns, group them together via a unique 'item group id.
    [20] Tax on the item. In case the tax is submitted for the account, then this attribute is optional. Has four sub-attributes: - country (optional): The country an item is taxed in. - region (optional): The zip/pin code or state abbreviation. For example, 멌A for California in the US. - rate (required): Tax rate as percent of the item price. - tax_ship (optional): Boolean value in case of tax on shipping; 몑 for yes or 몁 for no (default value is blank = no)
    [21] Item뭩 shipping cost. Has four sub-attributes: - country (required): The destination country. - region (optional): The zip/pin code or state abbreviation. For example, 멌A for California in the US. - service (optional): The name of the shipping method. - price (required): Fixed delivery price.
    [22] Weight used to calculate the shipping cost. Mandatory in case the account-level shipping setting is based on weight, such as 멵arrier-calculated.
    [23] Item뭩 temporary sale price. Note that the typical price at the store must still be submitted using the 'price' attribute.
    [24] Date range of the sale. Is used in conjunction with 몊ale price.
    [25] Up to 10 additional images of the item -- for instance, multiple angles or colors. Separate each link with a comma.
    [26] Item뭩 product category per the store. Strongly recommended.